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Cast On Essentials
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Abbreviations

begbegin (ning)
betbetween
BObind off
CCcontrasting color
COcast on
chchain
cmcentimeter (s)
cncable needle
contcontinue
decdecrease (s) (d) (ing)
dpndouble-pointed needle
EORevery other row
estestablished
ggram
incincrease (s) (d) (ing)
kknit
k2togknit 2 stitches as if there were 1
kwiseknitwise
LHleft-hand
lploop
MBmake bobble
MCmain color
M1make one (see Pattern Basics)
mmmillimeter (s)
ozounce
ppurl
patpattern
pmplace marker
psso pass slipped stitch over
pupick up
pwisepurlwise
RHright-hand
remremaining
reprepeat
revreverse
Rev St st Reverse Stockinette stitch
rndround (s)
RSright side
skskip
skpSlip 1 knitwise, k1, pass the slipped stitch over
slslip
ssk slip, slip, knit (see Pattern Basics)
ssp slip, slip, purl (see Pattern Basics)
spspace
st (s)stitch (es)
St stStockinette stitch
tblthrough back loop
togtogether
WSwrong side
WYwaste yarn
wyibwith yarn in back
wyifwith yarn in front
ybyarn back
yd (s)yard (s)
yfyarn forward
yoyarnover

 

Pattern Basics

While working any pattern in this publication, when several sizes are given, the first set of instructions refers to the smallest size, with remaining sizes in parentheses, unless otherwise noted.

There are several basic techniques often used in knitting patterns. They are listed below for easy reference.

Long Tail Cast On
Provides a firm, yet elastic cast on edge. Step 1: Measure out a length approximately four times longer than the width of the finished piece. Make a slip knot. Step 2: Wrap the working yarn around index finger and the yarn tail over the thumb. Hold both yarn ends with last three fingers. Step 3: Insert needle under yarn in front of thumb and over and behind yarn on index finger and down through loop on thumb. Step 4: Remove thumb from loop and tighten loop on needle. Repeat Steps 2-4.
Video Lesson

Bind Off
Work first stitch, work second stitch, slip first stitch over second stitch.
Video Lesson

Bind Off in Pattern
As you bind off, work the stitches as called for in the pattern.
Video Lesson

K2tog
Right slanting decrease. Insert needle into the second stitch on the left hand needle and into the first stitch. Knit them together as if one stitch.
Video Lesson

SSK
Left slanting decrease. Slip the first stitch knitwise, slip the second stitch knitwise. Insert the needle through the back of the stitches as if one stitch.
Video Lesson

Bar Increase
Creates a “purl bump” to the left of the increase. Knit the stitch but do not remove it from the needle. Knit into the back of the loop. Transfer both stitches to the right needle.
Video Lesson

M1
Increase made from the horizontal bar between stitches. It can be open (similar to a yarn over [YO]), slant to the right or to the left. Open M1: Knit into the strand between the stitch you just knit and the next stitch. M1R: Insert the left needle from the back to front under the strand between the stitches. Knit the stitch through the front loop to twist the stitch. M1L: Insert the left needle from the front to the back under the strand between the stitches. Knit the stitch through the back loop to twist the stitch.
Video Lesson

Lifted Increases
Increase made using the leg of the stitch in the row below. Lifted increases slant to the right or left. Right Slanting: Insert the needle into the top of the loop of the stitch below. Knit this loop. Left Slanting: Knit the stitch. Since you have knit the stitch, you don’t use the top of the loop just below the stitch you just knit, but the one below that. Insert the left needle into that loop. Insert the right needle into the back of the loop on the left needle and knit it. (If you knit into the front of the loop you will twist the increase.)
Video Lesson

References

BACKSTITCH BIND OFF
Stanley, Montse, Knitter’s Handbook, Reader’s Digest, Pleasantville, NY 1992, pgs 89-90.

BUTTONHOLES
Vance, Carolyn, “On Your Way to the Masters, Cast On, May – July 2008, pgs 64-65.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 111-126.

CROCHET EDGE
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pgs 210-211.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pg 262.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 106-107.

DECREASE BIND OFF
Stanley, Montse, Knitter’s Handbook, Reader’s Digest, Pleasantville, NY 1992, pgs 85-86.

EYELET (YO) BUTTONHOLES
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pg 118.

GRAFTING RIBBING
Buss, Katarina, Big Book of Knitting, Sterling Publishing Co, Inc., NY, NY 1999.

HORIZONTAL BUTTONHOLES
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pg 114.

HORIZONTAL TO VERTICAL SEAMS
Editors of Vogue Knitting, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 100.
Holladay, Arenda, “On Your Way to the Masters”, Cast On, Feb – April 2008, pgs
64-65.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 64-65.

INVISIBLE HORIZONTAL SEAMS
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 100.
Holladay, Arenda, “On Your Way to the Masters”, Cast On, Feb – April 2008, pgs
64-65.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pg 249.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pg 70.

JOGLESS JOIN
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, The Best of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Sixth and Spring Books, NY, NY, 2007, pgs 98-99.
techknitting.blogspot.com/2007/01/jogless
stripes.html
Holladay, Arenda, “Frustration is the Real Mother of Invention” Cast On Magazine, February-April 2010, pgs 31-33.

KITCHENER STITCH
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pgs 102-104.
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pgs 371-378.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pgs
241-244.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 78-80.

MATTRESS STITCH
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 99.
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pg 366.
Holladay, Arenda, “On Your Way to the Masters,” Cast On, August – October 2007, pgs 67-69.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pgs
248-249.
Szabo, Janet K., The “I Hate to Finish Sweaters” Guide to Finishing, Janet K. Szabo, Kalispel, MT, 2000, pgs 16-20.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 63-64.

OVERCAST STITCH
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 101.
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pg 364.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pg 253.

PICKING UP STITCHES
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pgs 107-108.
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pgs 184-189.
Holladay, Arenda, “On Your Way to the Masters”, Cast On, Winter 02 – 03, pgs 12-14.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pgs
186-191.

PROVISIONAL CAST ON
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 28-29.
Sease, Cap, Cast On, Bind Off, Martingale, Bothell, WA 2012, pgs 86-91.
Stanley, Montse, Knitter’s Handbook, Reader’s Digest, Pleasantville, NY 1993, pg 76-78.

SHORT ROWS
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 186.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, The Reader’s Digest Association, 2001, pgs 101-106.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 72-74.

SINGLE CROCHET
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 106-107.

TUBULAR CAST ON
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, The Reader’s Digest Association, 2001, pgs 78-80, 87-88.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 20-23.

WEAVING IN YARN TAILS
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pgs 179-180.
Holladay, Arenda, “On Your Way to the Masters”, Cast On, Spring 2003, pgs 13-15.
Szabo, Janet K., The “I Hate to Finish Sweaters” Guide to Finishing, Janet K. Szabo, Kalispel, MT, 2000, pgs 47-48.

ZIPPERS
Editors of Vogue Knitting Magazine, Vogue Knitting, Pantheon Books, NY, NY, 1989, pg 228.
Hiatt, June Hemmons, The Principles of Knitting, Simon & Schuster, NY, NY, 1988, pg 383.
Stanley, Montse, Reader’s Digest Knitter’s Handbook, Pleasantville, NY, 1993, pgs
265-266.
Wiseman, Nancie, The Knitter’s Book of Finishing Techniques, Martingale & Company, Woodinville, WA, 2002, pgs 100-101.


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